How many strokes are there in badminton?

How many strokes are there in badminton?


Badminton is a popular racquet sport that requires skill, agility, and precision. Mastering the different strokes in badminton is essential to excel in the game. In this article, we will explore the various strokes involved in badminton, understand their techniques, and provide tips to improve your gameplay.

Badminton is a fast-paced sport played either in singles or doubles, where players use racquets to hit a shuttlecock over a net. The objective is to make the shuttlecock land in the opponent’s court without them being able to return it. To achieve this, players employ a range of strokes that involve different techniques and strategies.

What is Badminton?

Before delving into the strokes, let’s briefly understand the sport of badminton. Badminton originated in ancient civilizations and gained popularity in the mid-19th century in England. It became an Olympic sport in 1992 and is now enjoyed by millions worldwide.

History of Badminton

The history of badminton dates back thousands of years, with early versions of the game being played in ancient civilizations like Greece and China. However, it was in British India during the 18th century that badminton, as we know it today, started to take shape. The game quickly spread across England and eventually gained international recognition.

Basic Rules of Badminton

Before we explore the different strokes in badminton, let’s familiarize ourselves with the basic rules of the game. Understanding these rules is crucial to grasp the context in which the strokes are employed and the strategies players use.

  1. The court: Badminton is played on a rectangular court divided by a net. The dimensions of the court and the positioning of the boundaries are standardized.
  2. Scoring system: Badminton follows a rally-point scoring system, meaning a point is scored on every serve, regardless of which side served.
  3. Serving: The serving player must hit the shuttlecock into the opponent’s service court diagonally. If the serve is unsuccessful, a fault is called.
  4. Faults: There are several faults in badminton, such as stepping on the boundary lines, hitting the shuttlecock outside the boundaries, or touching the net with the racquet or body.

Different Strokes in Badminton

Badminton involves a variety of strokes, each with its own purpose and technique. Let’s explore the ten primary strokes used in badminton:


1. Clear

The clear is a stroke used to push the shuttlecock deep into the opponent’s court, forcing them to move backward. It is usually employed when the player is in a defensive position.

2. Drop Shot

The drop shot is a stroke that involves softly hitting the shuttlecock, causing it to fall just over the net. This stroke is used to deceive the opponent by making them move forward, allowing the player to gain an advantage.

3. Smash


The smash is one of the most powerful and aggressive strokes in badminton. It involves hitting the shuttlecock with great force downwards towards the opponent’s court, making it difficult for them to return.

4. Drive

The drive is a fast and flat stroke used to keep the shuttlecock low and horizontal over the net. It is typically used to counter an opponent’s drop shot or to maintain control of the rally.

5. Net Shot

The net shot is played close to the net, and the shuttlecock barely clears it. This stroke is used to force the opponent into a weak position and set up an attacking opportunity.

6. Lift

The lift is a defensive stroke used to push the shuttlecock high into the air, giving the player time to recover from a difficult position. It is often employed when the player is under pressure near the back boundary.

7. Block


The block is a simple stroke where the player intercepts the opponent’s shot with a short and controlled movement. It is used to neutralize the opponent’s attacking shots and maintain a defensive position.

8. Slice

The slice is a stroke that imparts a spinning motion to the shuttlecock, causing it to curve in the air. This stroke is useful for creating unexpected trajectories and confusing the opponent.

9. Flick

The flick is a quick and deceptive stroke played with the wrist. It involves a sudden change of direction and is often used to catch the opponent off guard.

10. Hairpin Shot

The hairpin shot is a delicate stroke played close to the net. It involves a gentle flick of the wrist to place the shuttlecock just over the net, making it difficult for the opponent to retrieve.

Techniques to Improve Your Badminton Strokes


Mastering the different badminton strokes requires practice, technique, and coordination. Here are some techniques to improve your strokes:

  1. Footwork: Good footwork is essential for effective strokes in badminton. Practice moving quickly and efficiently to reach the shuttlecock in the optimal position.
  2. Grip: The right grip on the racquet can significantly impact your strokes. Experiment with different grips and find the one that allows you to generate power and control.
  3. Body positioning: Position your body correctly to execute each stroke effectively. Maintain a balanced stance and be prepared to move in any direction.
  4. Practice drills: Engage in specific drills that focus on individual strokes. This will help you develop muscle memory and improve your overall gameplay.

Common Mistakes in Badminton Strokes

Even experienced players can make mistakes in their strokes. Here are some common mistakes to avoid:

  1. Lack of follow-through: A proper follow-through is crucial to generate power and accuracy in your strokes. Ensure that your racquet continues its motion after striking the shuttlecock.
  2. Incorrect timing: Timing is essential in badminton. Mistimed strokes can result in weak shots or missed opportunities. Practice your timing by focusingon the shuttlecock’s trajectory and adjusting your stroke accordingly.
  3. Poor grip: A weak or improper grip can lead to ineffective strokes. Ensure that you have a firm and comfortable grip on the racquet to maximize control and power.
  4. Limited footwork: Neglecting footwork can hinder your ability to reach the shuttlecock in the optimal position. Work on improving your footwork to enhance your strokes and overall performance.


  1. Can I use any stroke at any time in a badminton game? While you have the freedom to choose which stroke to use, the choice depends on the situation and your positioning on the court. Each stroke has its purpose and is used strategically to gain an advantage over your opponent.
  2. Which badminton stroke is the most difficult to master? The smash is often considered one of the most challenging strokes to master due to the speed and power required. It requires excellent timing, technique, and strength.
  3. Are there any specific drills to improve my badminton strokes? Yes, there are various drills you can practice to enhance your strokes. Some examples include shadow drills, shuttle run drills, and target practice drills. These drills focus on specific aspects of each stroke and help improve your technique and consistency.
  4. Can I switch between different grips for different strokes? Yes, players often switch grips depending on the stroke they are using. Certain grips are more suitable for specific strokes, such as the forehand grip for smashes and the backhand grip for backhand shots. Experiment with different grips and find what works best for each stroke.
  5. How long does it take to master all the badminton strokes? The time it takes to master all the badminton strokes varies from person to person. It depends on factors such as individual skill level, practice consistency, and dedication. With regular practice and focused training, you can gradually improve your strokes over time.


Mastering the different strokes in badminton is a journey that requires dedication, practice, and a solid understanding of each technique. By familiarizing yourself with the various strokes and implementing proper technique and footwork, you can enhance your gameplay and excel in the sport. Remember to practice regularly, seek guidance from coaches or experienced players, and enjoy the process of improving your badminton strokes.

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