How many hits do you get in badminton?

How many hits do you get in badminton?


Badminton is a popular racquet sport played by individuals or teams. It is known for its fast-paced rallies and requires agility, skill, and precision. In badminton, players hit a shuttlecock back and forth across a net, aiming to make it land within the opponent’s court. The number of hits in badminton depends on various factors, including the skill level of the players and the type of shot being executed.

What is Badminton?

Badminton is a racket sport that can be played in both singles (one player on each side) and doubles (two players on each side) formats. It is played on a rectangular court, divided by a net. The objective of the game is to hit the shuttlecock over the net and into the opponent’s court in such a way that they cannot return it. Badminton can be played indoors or outdoors, with indoor games being more common in professional settings.

Basic Rules of Badminton

Before discussing the number of hits in badminton, let’s briefly go over the basic rules of the game:

  1. The game starts with a coin toss to determine the right to serve or choose sides.
  2. The server must stand inside the service area and hit the shuttlecock diagonally to the opponent’s service area.
  3. The receiving player or team must let the shuttlecock fall to the ground before returning it.
  4. Once the shuttlecock is in play, both sides can hit it back and forth without letting it touch the ground.
  5. The shuttlecock can only be hit once on each side before being returned over the net.
  6. If the shuttlecock lands outside the boundaries of the court, a point is awarded to the opponent.
  7. A rally ends when the shuttlecock hits the ground, goes out of bounds, or a fault is committed.

Equipment Needed for Badminton

To play badminton, you need the following equipment:

  1. Badminton racket: The racket is used to hit the shuttlecock. It consists of a handle and a frame with strings.
  2. Shuttlecock: Also known as a birdie or shuttle, the shuttlecock is a feathered projectile that players hit back and forth.
  3. Badminton court: The court is rectangular in shape and is divided by a net. It has specific markings for singles and doubles play.
  4. Badminton shoes: Shoes with good grip are essential to move quickly and prevent slipping on the court.

How Many Hits are Involved in Badminton?

The number of hits in badminton varies depending on the nature of the rally and the shots being played. Each rally starts with a serve, which counts as the first hit. From there, the number of hits can vary greatly, ranging from just a few hits to several back-and-forth exchanges between players. In professional games, it’s not uncommon to see rallies with more than 10 hits.

The duration of a rally and the number of hits involved depend on factors such as the players’ skills, shot selection, and defensive strategies. Advanced players can execute shots that force their opponents to move around the court, resulting in longer rallies with more hits. On the other hand, beginners or recreational players may have shorter rallies with fewer hits due to less advanced shot-making abilities.


Different Types of Badminton Shots

In badminton, there are several types of shots that players can use to hit the shuttlecock. Each shot has its own characteristics and is used in specific situations. Here are some of the most common types of badminton shots:

The Forehand Shot

The forehand shot is played with the racket’s face facing the net. It involves swinging the racket forward and hitting the shuttlecock with the forehand side of the body. The forehand shot is versatile and can be used for both defensive and offensive purposes.

The Backhand Shot


The backhand shot is played with the racket’s face facing away from the net. It involves swinging the racket backward and hitting the shuttlecock with the backhand side of the body. The backhand shot requires good wrist flexibility and is often used for shots on the non-dominant side of the body.

The Serve

The serve is the shot that starts each rally. It is executed by hitting the shuttlecock from below the waist and diagonally across the net into the opponent’s service area. The serve must be hit with an underhand motion, and the shuttlecock must pass over the net and fall into the proper service area.

The Smash

The smash is a powerful offensive shot played with a downward swing. It is used to hit the shuttlecock forcefully into the opponent’s court, making it difficult to return. The smash is often executed from the rear court and requires good timing and technique.

The Clear

The clear is a defensive shot played high and deep into the opponent’s court. It is used to create distance between the players and gain time to recover a good position. The clear is typically played from the rear court and requires good control and accuracy.

The Drop Shot


The drop shot is a delicate shot played with finesse. It involves hitting the shuttlecock softly and making it fall just over the net, close to the opponent’s sideof the court. The drop shot is used to catch the opponent off guard and force them to move quickly to retrieve the shuttlecock.

The Drive Shot

The drive shot is a flat and fast shot played horizontally over the net. It is used to keep the opponent on their toes and maintain pressure during the rally. The drive shot requires good wrist strength and timing.

The Net Shot

The net shot is played close to the net and is characterized by a gentle tap of the shuttlecock. It is used to create opportunities for an attacking shot or to force the opponent to lift the shuttlecock. The net shot requires precise control and touch.

How to Improve Your Hitting Skills in Badminton

To improve your hitting skills in badminton, consider the following tips:

  1. Practice regularly: Consistent practice is essential to develop and refine your hitting technique.
  2. Work on footwork: Proper footwork allows you to reach the shuttlecock quickly and maintain balance during hits.
  3. Focus on timing: Timing is crucial in badminton. Practice hitting the shuttlecock at the right moment for maximum efficiency.
  4. Develop wrist flexibility: Wrist flexibility enables you to generate power and control in your hits.
  5. Learn from experts: Study professional players and observe their hitting techniques. Analyze their footwork, body positioning, and shot selection.
  6. Take coaching: Enroll in badminton coaching sessions to receive guidance from experienced coaches who can help improve your hitting skills.
  7. Play matches: Participate in friendly matches or tournaments to apply your hitting skills in a competitive setting.

Common Mistakes to Avoid in Badminton Hitting


When it comes to badminton hitting, some common mistakes to avoid include:

  1. Gripping the racket too tightly: Holding the racket too tightly can hinder wrist flexibility and reduce shot control.
  2. Poor footwork: Inadequate footwork can lead to poor positioning and difficulty in reaching the shuttlecock.
  3. Incorrect body positioning: Improper body positioning can affect your balance and make it challenging to execute accurate hits.
  4. Overreliance on arm strength: Badminton hitting requires a combination of arm, wrist, and body movements. Relying solely on arm strength may limit your hitting capabilities.
  5. Lack of variation: Using the same type of shot repeatedly makes it predictable for your opponent. Incorporate different shots to keep your opponent guessing.

How to Generate Power in Badminton Hits

Generating power in badminton hits is essential for effective shots. Here are some tips to help you generate power:

  1. Use your entire body: Engage your legs, core, and arm muscles to transfer power into your hits.
  2. Incorporate rotation: Rotate your body and hips while executing hits to add power to your shots.
  3. Snap your wrist: Use a quick wrist snap at the point of contact to generate additional power in your hits.
  4. Focus on timing and technique: Proper timing and technique contribute to the efficiency and power of your hits.
  5. Strengthen your muscles: Regular strength training exercises can improve your hitting power over time.

The Importance of Timing in Badminton Hitting

Timing is crucial in badminton hitting. Proper timing allows you to make effective contact with the shuttlecock and control the direction and speed of your shots. Here’s why timing is important:

  1. Power generation: Timing affects the power you can generate in your hits. Hitting the shuttlecock at the right moment allows you to transfer maximum force into the shot.
  2. Shot accuracy: Good timing enables you to hit the shuttlecock precisely, placing it where you want it to go on the court.
  3. Shot variation: Timing plays a role in executing different types of shots. Each shot requires specific timing for optimal results.
  4. Reacting to opponents: Timing helps you anticipate and respond to your opponent’s shots, allowing you to be in the right position at the right time.

How to Control the Shuttlecock in Badminton Hits

Controlling the shuttlecock during hits is crucial for accuracy and placement. Here are some tips to help you improve shuttlecock control:

  1. Focus on the point of contact: Concentrate on making clean contact with the shuttlecock at the center of the racket’s sweet spot.
  2. Adjust racket angle: Slight adjustments in the racket angle can influence the trajectory and direction of the shuttlecock.
  3. Practice touch shots: Work on playing delicate shots like net shots and drop shots to enhance your control and touch.
  4. Develop wrist control: Wrist control is essential for precise shots. Practice exercises that improve wrist flexibility and control.
  5. Observe the shuttlecock: Keep your eyes on the shuttlecock during hits to track its movement and make adjustments accordingly.

Strategies for Effective Hitting in Badminton

To improve your hitting skills in badminton, consider the following strategies:

  1. Mix up your shots: Vary your shot selection to keep your opponent guessing and off-balance.
  2. Exploit weaknesses: Identify your opponent’s weaknesses and target them with strategic shots.
  3. Move your opponent around the court: Hit shots to different areas of the court to force your opponent to cover more ground.
  4. Create opportunities: Use shots like drop shots and net shots to set up opportunities for attacking shots.
  5. Stay alert: Maintain focus and react quickly to your opponent’s shots to stay in control of the rally.

Badminton Hitting Techniques for Beginners

If you’re a beginner looking to improve your hitting techniques in badminton, here are some essential tips:

  1. Master the basic grip: Learn the correct grip for holding the racket to ensure stability and control.
  2. Focus on footwork: Develop good footwork habits to move efficiently and position yourself for hits.
  3. Practice basic shots: Start with the fundamental shots like the forehand and backhand to build a solid foundation.
  4. Work on timing: Pay attention to the timing of your hits, aiming for clean contact with the shuttlecock.
  5. Take it step by step: Gradually progress from basic shots to more advanced techniques as you build confidence and skill.

How to Practice Badminton Hitting

To improve your badminton hitting skills, consider the following practice tips:

  1. Solo practice: Practice hitting against a wall or using a practice machine to work on your technique and footwork.
  2. Shadow badminton: Perform shadow badminton drills, mimicking the shots and footwork without a shuttlecock.
  3. Multi-shuttle drills: Use a feeder or partner to hit multiple shuttles to different areas of the court, allowing you to practice various shots and footwork.
  4. Match practice: Engage in friendly matches or competitive games to apply your hitting skills in real-game situations.
  5. Work with a coach: Seek guidance from a badminton coach who can provide personalized feedback and drills to enhance your hitting skills.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

FAQ 1: How many hits are there in a standard badminton rally?

In a standard badminton rally, the number of hits can vary. It depends on factors such as the skill level of the players, shot selection, and defensive strategies. Rallies can consist of just a few hits or extend to multiple back-and-forth exchanges between players.

FAQ 2: What is the maximum number of hits allowed in a single rally?

There is no maximum limit to the number of hits allowed in a single rally. As long asthe shuttlecock remains in play and both players are able to return it, the rally can continue. However, in professional matches, rallies with a high number of hits are less common due to the skill level and shot-making abilities of the players.

FAQ 3: Can you hit the shuttlecock with any part of the racket?

Yes, you can hit the shuttlecock with any part of the racket. However, it is generally recommended to make contact with the shuttlecock using the strings of the racket’s face for better control and power.

FAQ 4: Are there any restrictions on the height of a badminton hit?

There are no specific height restrictions on a badminton hit. As long as the shuttlecock remains within the boundaries of the court, it is considered a legal hit. However, certain shots like smashes are typically hit at a higher trajectory to generate power and make it more challenging for the opponent to return.

FAQ 5: Is there a specific technique for each type of badminton hit?

Yes, each type of badminton hit has its own specific technique. For example, the forehand and backhand shots have different swing paths and body positioning. It is important to learn and practice the proper technique for each shot to maximize its effectiveness.

FAQ 6: How long does it take to become proficient in badminton hitting?

The time it takes to become proficient in badminton hitting varies from person to person. It depends on factors such as individual talent, practice frequency, coaching, and dedication. With regular practice and proper training, it is possible to develop good hitting skills within a few months to a year.

FAQ 7: Can badminton hitting be a good form of exercise?

Yes, badminton hitting can be a great form of exercise. It involves continuous movement, agility, and cardiovascular exertion. Playing badminton regularly can help improve endurance, coordination, and overall fitness.

FAQ 8: What should I do if I consistently miss the shuttlecock?

If you consistently miss the shuttlecock, it could be due to several factors. First, check your footwork and positioning. Ensure that you are in the right position to make the hit. Second, focus on the timing of your shots. Practice hitting the shuttlecock at the right moment to improve your accuracy. Finally, pay attention to your grip and racket control. Make sure you have a stable grip and are making clean contact with the shuttlecock.

FAQ 9: How can I increase my hitting power in badminton?

To increase your hitting power in badminton, you can focus on several aspects:

  1. Improve your technique: Work on your swing mechanics, wrist snap, and body rotation to generate more power in your hits.
  2. Build strength: Incorporate strength training exercises that target the muscles used in badminton hitting, such as the forearm, shoulder, and core muscles.
  3. Develop explosive power: Include plyometric exercises like jump squats and medicine ball throws to enhance your explosive power for powerful hits.
  4. Practice hitting drills: Engage in drills that specifically focus on generating power in your shots, such as smashes and drives.
  5. Maintain flexibility: Flexibility allows for a full range of motion and enables you to generate more power. Incorporate stretching exercises into your routine.

FAQ 10: Can badminton hitting improve hand-eye coordination?

Yes, badminton hitting can significantly improve hand-eye coordination. The fast-paced nature of the game requires quick reactions and precise hand-eye coordination to make accurate hits. Regular practice and playing badminton can enhance your hand-eye coordination skills, which can be beneficial in various other sports and daily activities.


In conclusion, badminton involves various types of hits, each with its own technique and purpose. The number of hits in a rally can vary depending on player skills, shot selection, and strategies employed. To improve hitting skills, practice regularly, focus on footwork, and work on timing and technique. Avoid common mistakes such as gripping the racket too tightly or relying solely on arm strength. By incorporating strategies and techniques discussed in this article, you can enhance your badminton hitting skills and enjoy the game to the fullest.

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